The men and women of the South should not be judged for failing to live up today’s standards of morality. The men and women of the North could not live up to those standards. But the story of the “Lost Cause” should be judged against the test of empirical observation. When compared to the historical record, the story of the “Lost Cause” becomes almost nonsensical. It has ignored large swaths of the historical record constructing a story that fails both to consider and explain the past it seeks to promote.